In December 1971, 15 people, including two children, were killed when the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) bombed McGurk's Bar, the greatest loss of life in a single incident in Belfast. The site of Belfast has been occupied since the Bronze Age. The bid was run by an independent company, Imagine Belfast, who boasted that it would "make Belfast the meeting place of Europe's legends, where the meaning of history and belief find a home and a sanctuary from caricature, parody and oblivion. Belfast n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. It seems clear, however, that the river itself took its name from the tidal crossing. The airport is located northwest of the city, near Lough Neagh, while the George Best Belfast City Airport, which is closer to the city centre by train from Sydenham on the Bangor Line, adjacent to Belfast Lough, offers UK domestic flights and a few European flights. Belfast is at the western end of Belfast Lough and at the mouth of the River Lagan giving it the ideal location for the shipbuilding industry that once made it famous. We need to know because thousands of jobs are at stake in Darlington. [66] As an urban and coastal area, Belfast typically gets snow on fewer than 10 days per year. The first Lord Mayor of Belfast was Daniel Dixon, who was elected in 1892. In 1932 the devolved parliament for the region was housed in new buildings at Stormont on the eastern edge of the city. The Giants have been league champions 5 times, most recently in the 2018–19 season. [133], Despite a period of relative peace, most areas and districts of Belfast still reflect the divided nature of Northern Ireland as a whole. [52] Belfast is represented in both the British House of Commons and in the Northern Ireland Assembly. Many of Belfast's oldest buildings are found in the Cathedral Quarter area, which is currently undergoing redevelopment as the city's main cultural and tourist area. [110], Parks and gardens are an integral part of Belfast's heritage, and home to an abundance of local wildlife and popular places for a picnic, a stroll or a jog. Translations in context of "Belfast" in English-French from Reverso Context: Daniel, I know about Belfast. The Belfast City Hospital is the regional specialist centre for haematology and is home to a cancer centre that rivals the best in the world. Belfast contains most of Northern Ireland's regional specialist centres. John de Courcy built a castle on what is now Castle Street in the city centre in the 12th century, but this was on a lesser scale and not as strategically important as Carrickfergus Castle to the north, which was built by de Courcy in 1177. Liverpool University Press. Belfast (/ˈbɛlfɑːst/ BEL-fahst; from Irish: Béal Feirste, meaning "mouth of the sand-bank ford",[4] Irish pronunciation: [bʲeːlˠ ˈfʲɛɾˠ(ə)ʃtʲə]) is the capital and largest city of Northern Ireland, standing on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast. [165] In July 2020, a study found Belfast to be the 5th best location in the UK in which to start a business.[166]. [36], Belfast was heavily bombed during World War II. In the 14th century, Cloinne Aodha Buidhe, descendants of Aodh Buidhe O'Neill, built Grey Castle at Castlereagh, now in the east of the city. [148] The Harland and Wolff shipbuilding firm was created in 1861, and by the time the Titanic was built, in 1912, it had become the largest shipyard in the world. In particular, the region has a booming tourist industry with record levels of visitors and tourist revenues and has established itself as a significant location for call centres. Built in the 1830s and designed by Sir Charles Lanyon, Botanic Gardens Palm House is one of the earliest examples of a curvilinear and cast iron glasshouse. [136] Areas where segregated working-class areas meet are known as interface areas and sometimes marked by peace lines. 4.34% did not have English as their first language. Teachers are qualified and experienced Anglais speakers, and each lesson will be customised to suit your individual needs, enabling you to progress much more quickly than in the traditional classroom environment in Belfast. The ornately decorated Crown Liquor Saloon, designed by Joseph Anderson in 1876, in Great Victoria Street is one of only two pubs in the UK that are owned by the National Trust (the other is the George Inn, Southwark in London). [62] The Castlereagh Hills overlook the city on the southeast. [48], Belfast and the Causeway Coast were together named the best place to visit in 2018 by Lonely Planet. Black taxis are common in the city, operating on a share basis in some areas. [210] Casement Park in west Belfast, home to the Antrim county teams, has a capacity of 32,000 which makes it the second largest Gaelic Athletic Association ground in Ulster. Two community radio stations, Blast 106 and Irish-language station Raidió Fáilte, broadcast to the city from west Belfast, as does Queen's Radio, a student-run radio station which broadcasts from Queen's University Students' Union. 2012. Since 2001, boosted by increasing numbers of tourists, the city council has developed a number of cultural quarters. [167] The rest of the city's water is sourced from Lough Neagh, via Dunore Water Treatment Works in County Antrim. [127] These two distinct cultural communities have both contributed significantly to the city's culture. Broadcasting only over the Internet is Homely Planet, the Cultural Radio Station for Northern Ireland, supporting community relations.[203]. Plans to bring in additional water tariffs have been deferred by devolution in May 2007. The report by Atkins & KPMG, however, said there would be the option of migrating to light rail in the future should the demand increase. Many areas are still highly segregated along ethnic, political and religious lines, especially in working-class neighbourhoods. The Belfast Giants are a huge brand in Northern Ireland and their increasing stature in the game led to the Belfast Giants playing the Boston Bruins of the NHL on 2 October 2010 at the Odyssey Arena in Belfast, losing the game 5–1. Over 2.2 million passengers flew between Belfast and London in 2009.[189]. signalling improvement and replacement of old jointed tracks with continuous welded rail. [209], Belfast is home to over twenty Gaelic football and hurling clubs. Bus and rail public transport in Northern Ireland is operated by subsidiaries of Translink. Further enthused by the French Revolution, the Volunteers and townspeople rallied in support of Catholic emancipation and "a more equal representation of the people" in the Irish Parliament. Colourpoint Books. The industrial estate and docklands BT3. [198] Projects to promote the language in the city are funded by various sources, notably Foras na Gaeilge, an all-Ireland body funded by both the Irish and British governments. It was the first aircraft manufacturing company in the world. [145] The present city however is a product of the Industrial Revolution. 41.21% had no or low (Level 1*) qualifications. [citation needed], Ethnic minority communities have been in Belfast since the 1930s. [233], 2017 was a great year for Belfast in terms of tourism with nearly 1.5 million trips being made to the city, generating around 5 million bed nights and incredible tourism revenue of 328 million pounds. With feelings of optimism and life pulsing through the city, Belfast makes for an energising … [179] A road improvement-scheme in Belfast began early in 2006, with the upgrading of two junctions along the Westlink dual-carriageway to grade-separated standard. [139] The largest groups are Poles, Chinese and Indians.[140][141]. On Census Day 27 March 2011, considering the population aged 16 to 74 years old: Long-term unemployed are those who stated that they have not worked since 2009 or earlier, Percentage Catholic or brought up Catholic, Percentage born outside the UK and Ireland, When the population of Belfast town began to grow in the 17th century, its economy was built on commerce. This escalation in segregation, described as a "ratchet effect", has shown little sign of decreasing. [64], The city gets significant precipitation (greater than 1mm) on 157 days in an average year with an average annual rainfall of 846 millimetres (33.3 in),[65] less than areas of northern England or most of Scotland,[64] but higher than Dublin or the south-east coast of Ireland. [citation needed] On 25 October 2012 the stage 2 report for the York Street intersection was approved[181] and in December 2012 the planned upgrade moved into stage 3 of the development process. (We will talk a lot!) During the winter solstice, the shortest day of the year, local sunset is before 16:00 while sunrise is around 08:45. Kaupunginvaltuuston mukaan kaupungissa oli vuonna 2015 liitoksen jälkeen noin 333 000 asukasta. [15], An alternative interpretation of the name, "mouth of [the river] of the sandbar", would allude to the River Farset, which flows into the Lagan where the sandbar was located. Queen's University Belfast was founded in 1845 and is a member of the Russell Group, an association of 24 leading research-intensive universities in the UK. In 1997, unionists lost overall control of Belfast City Council for the first time in its history, with the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland gaining the balance of power between nationalists and unionists. On Census Day 27 March 2011, in Belfast Local Government District (2014), considering the resident population: Respondents could indicate more than one national identity. The council spends £1.5 million every year on running and promoting the zoo, which is one of the few local government-funded zoos in the UK and Ireland. French (EN) Monsieur le Président, ce sera le 10e anniversaire de l'accord de Belfast. Atlântico, representada pela Baixa Normandia, de 2008, na reunião do comité de acompanhamento, The European Council warmly welcomes the historic. [90] It hosts a yearly visual and performing arts festival. Given the progressive enlargement of the British electoral franchise, this would have had an overwhelming Catholic majority and, it was widely believed, interests inimical to the Protestant and industrial north. [204] The event was hosted by Selena Gomez and celebrities such as Justin Bieber, Jessie J, Hayden Panettiere, and Lady Gaga travelled to Northern Ireland to attend the event, held in the Odyssey Arena. One of Northern Ireland's two community TV stations, NvTv, is based in the Cathedral Quarter of the city. Including the Waterfront Hall and the Odyssey Arena, Belfast has several other venues for performing arts. Belfast was successful in attracting many conferencing events, both national and international, to the city in 2018. The same year, 80,000 people participated in culture and other arts activities, twice as many as in 2003–04. Belfast was granted borough status by James VI and I in 1613 and official city status by Queen Victoria in 1888. [216] Translation for 'Belfast' in the free Spanish-English dictionary and many other English translations. In February 2006, Belfast's unemployment rate stood at 4.2%, lower than both the Northern Ireland[154] and the UK average of 5.5%. Belfast was the home town of Manchester United legend George Best who died in November 2005. On Census Day (27 March 2011) the usually resident population of Belfast Local Government District (2014) was 333,871 accounting for 18.44% of the NI total. [67] In an average year the warmest day will rise to a temperature of 25.0 °C (77.0 °F)[68] with a day of 25.1 °C (77.2 °F) or above occurring roughly once every two in three years. [140] The majority of the estimated 5,000 Muslims[142] and 200 Hindu families[143] living in Northern Ireland live in the Greater Belfast area. The architectural style of Belfast's public buildings range from a small set of Georgian buildings, many examples of Victorian, including the main Lanyon Building at Queen's University Belfast and the Linenhall Library, (both designed by Sir Charles Lanyon). The city expanded to the natural barrier of the hills that surround it, overwhelming other settlements. The consultants said Belfast does not have the population to support a light rail system, suggesting that investment in bus-based rapid transit would be preferable. more_vert open_in_new Link to source Lloyd George, Parnell and Patrick Pearse all attended political rallies there. In the period since the Good Friday Agreement in 1998, Belfast has begun a social, economic and cultural transformation giving it a growing international cultural reputation. "Placenames Database of Ireland – Belfast: "A town is born; Four hundred years ago Belfast officially became a town and so began an unlikely success story", "Placenames Database of Ireland – Belfarsad", "Ulster Scots Language & Dialects of Ulster", BBC Ulster-Scots Library – Switherin agen, "Equality Impect Assessment o tha Draft Ullans Leid Policy", "North-South Ministerial Council: 2010 Annual Report in Ulster Scots", "North-South Ministerial Council: 2009 Annual Report in Ulster Scots", "Belfast, Newcastle and the County Down Coast", "A walk on the outskirts of Belfast: Giant's Ring Trail, Northern Ireland", "Celebrations mark the arrival of first Ulster Scots in Ireland", "Belfast strike of 1919 paved the way for shorter working week", "McGurk's bar bombing - A dark night in the darkest time", "Shankill Butchers held Belfast in grip of terror", "Inside the Europa, the Most Notorious Hotel in Europe", "Ten years on – Victoria Square celebrates £2 billion in sales", "New £500m Belfast city centre development to be named 'Tribeca, "The rioters shouldn't worry – Ulster is safe", "Belfast named the best place to visit in 2018 by Lonely Planet", "Take pride in Belfast an inclusive city where much has changed from the times of The Troubles", "Belfast City Hall: History and Background", "Local Government (Boundaries) Act (Northern Ireland) 1971", "Introduction To Titanic – Titanic in History", "Belfast, Northern Ireland – Average Conditions", "Belfast Stormont Castle 1981-2010 average extreme values", "Belfast International Airport 1981-2010 Averages", "Belfast International Airport 1961-1990", "Belfast International Airpoirt (Aldergrove) extreme values", "Belfast International Airpoirt 1981-2010 average extreme values", "Belfast's Peacelines: An Analysis of Urban Borders, Design and Social Space in a Divided City", "A passion for preserving Belfast's beauty", "The best place to live in the UK in 2018", "Five Northern Ireland Locations Named Among the Sunday Times Best Places to Live 2018", "A gourmand's guide to Belfast: Michelin-starred dining to artisan markets", "Where the Road to Renaming Does Not Run Smooth", "Historic Belfast: A guide to the City's landmark buildings", "Ireland's tallest building to be turned into flats", "Harland and Wolff complete SeaRose Dry-Docking project", "Palm House Botanic Gardens, Belfast City", "Sir Thomas and Lady Dixon Park and City of Belfast International Rose Garden", "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850", "Belfast City Council. de investimento, na qual os investidores analisaram entusiasticamente, (part of Essen Priority Project No 9) covering. no encontro entre as comunidades do alimento irlandesas. [183] These are outnumbered by private hire taxis. [117] Rose Week in July each year features over 20,000 blooms. 2.2. [96], In its 2018 report on Best Places to Live in Britain, The Sunday Times named Ballyhackamore, "the brunch capital of Belfast", as the best place in Northern Ireland. [30] a peace process, including the devolution of powers to a Northern Ireland Assembly and Executive Committee, which were set up at the end of 1999. A consequence of this northern latitude is that it both endures short winter days and enjoys long summer evenings. Consequently, the arterial roads along which this expansion took place (such as the Falls Road or the Newtownards Road) are more significant in defining the districts of the city than nucleated settlements. Until 2011 the route went to Stranraer and used inter alia a HSS (High Speed Service) vessel—with a crossing time of around 90 minutes. See authoritative translations of Belfast in Spanish with example sentences and audio pronunciations. I certainly will be looking for a meaningful programme of assistance. Linguee. Consultez la traduction anglais-allemand de Belfast dans le dictionnaire PONS qui inclut un entraîneur de vocabulaire, les tableaux de conjugaison et les prononciations. As with any modern economy, the service sector is vital to Northern Ireland's development and is enjoying excellent growth. [12] The sandbar formed at the confluence (at present-day Donegall Quay) of two rivers: the Lagan, which flows into Belfast Lough, and the Lagan's tributary the Farset. Like all areas of the island of Ireland outside of the Gaeltacht, the Irish language in Belfast is not that of an unbroken intergenerational transmission. Enquanto a população dentro dos limites da cidade é de cerca de 275.000, cerca de … [88], Belfast city centre is divided into two postcode districts, BT1 for the area lying north of the City Hall, and BT2 for the area to its south. [46] In late 2018, it was announced that Belfast would undergo a £500 million urban regeneration project known as "Tribeca" on a large city centre site. Commission, represented by Basse-Normandie. [235], There is a tourist information centre located at Donegall Square North.[236].

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